Camigliano has converted its vineyards to the organic method in order to enhance the quality of its wines and bring out the typicality of the territory.
It is now undeniable that the use of chemical products alters the character of the wine and its connection to the environment. To prevent weeds from growing, the technique of controlled cover cropping has been practiced with reassuring agronomic results as well as excellent results for the environment leading to its potential use to regulate all vegetative activity.
THE NATURAL PROCESS FOR HIGHER QUALITY
Cover cropping has reduced the vegetative vigour resulting in better alcoholic and phenolic maturation of the grapes, it has resulted in earlier maturation, and has completely reduced erosion.
For this reason, we have intensified the use of cover cropping, that is planting legumes in alternating rows in our vineyards.
Legumes have the quality of fixing natural nitrogen in the soil and producing organic substances.
Mechanical work is carried out by increasingly lighter tractors in order to tamp the ground as little as possible.
The best time to mow the crop is during flowering because mowing any later would compromise the absorption of nitrogen.
In order to completely avoid the use of herbicides, inter-row hoers are used to clean the rows allowing the vines and their roots to remain intact.
To combat disease that can possibly pervade the vines, a mixture of sulphur and copper is used to keep the vines healthy.
Our vineyards immediately benefitted from this change in cultivation methods and appear more robust and healthier.
Quality is achieved through bunch thinning and veraison is the most suitable time for the green harvest, on average maintaining density at one bunch per shoot in selected vineyards with one kilogram of grapes per plant.
Optimal results are also achieved through the clonal selection of the grapes after careful research of the results based on the nature of the terrain.Heating in the cellar is made possible with the use of biomass from practices in the vineyards rather than using traditional fossil fuels.